Choosing the right fruit for your climate

Where you live in Australia will have a big impact on what you can grow.

Choosing plants for your climate is the easiest way to grow healthy trees, that readily produce an abundance of delicious fruit.

To help you choose the best fruit trees for your climate, let’s look at the five most common climatic zones in Australia:

  • Cool
  • Temperate
  • Sub-tropical
  • Tropical
  • Arid

To find out what grows best in your climate, determine your climatic zone from the map, and then refer to the table attached.

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light-bulb-icon@2x.png Growing for your climate

Plant breeding, grafting and careful selection have produced cultivars and varieties that will tolerate a wider range of climatic conditions than the original species fruits of old. However, some fruits just grow better in some areas than they do in others. To choose the right tree for your climate, follow these simple tips and tricks

Know your climate

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This may seem simple but until you start growing your own fruit and vegetables, the subtle climatic differences in your garden can be easily overlooked.

  • Do you get frost?
  • What are the lowest overnight temperatures?
  • What’s the average humidity in summer?

All of these can have a big impact on what you can grow.
Once you know a little about your actual climate, you can then start to make informed decisions about what you will grow.

The Big Chill

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'Chill' is a term used to describe the suitability of many types of fruit trees to various climates. It relates to the required number of hours below 7 degrees C in order for the tree to set fruit.

  • 'Low chill' varieties are best suited to warm temperate climates (including sub-tropics) as they will set fruit with as few as 150-200 hours a year below 7 degrees C
  • 'High chill' varieties need as many as 600 hours a year below 7 degrees C before they will set fruit. High chill varieties are only really suitable for the colder regions of Australia.

So, what can I grow in my climate?

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Now you know your climate and the terms used to describe various fruiting trees, click here for a brief glimpse into some of the plants that will grow well in your climate.

 NOTE: The suggestions in the attached chart are just a guide. There will be many more fruit trees suitable for your climate. Check with your local nursery or garden centre for more suggestions

Create a micro climate

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If you are really desperate to grow something which may not be the perfect fit for your climate, try creating a suitable micro climate.

This is an area within your garden where you try to meet that specific plant’s needs.

For example, if you live in the tropics and you want to grow something that dislikes summer rainfall, then you’ll need to provide shelter from summer rains by building an awning or shelter.

Creating micro climates can be achieved in most regions, but it does require a little more work than simply choosing plants that grow well where you live.

Ask your local nursery

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Last but not least, if you are in any doubt as to what you can or cannot grow in your area, talk to local nurseries or garden centres.

They will be able to help you choose the most suitable plants for your climate, as well as offer advice on the best varieties for your garden based on available light, aspect and size.

Tips, tricks & advice

Growing Citrus

The three tips you need to grow healthy, productive citrus trees:

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Pruning & Training

Keep your harvest within reach by pruning and training your trees

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Other products you might need

Osmocote® Plus Organics Fruit & Citrus Plant Food & Soil Improver

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A plant food and soil improver specificaly designed for fruit and citrus which combines the best of both worlds - traditional Osmocote and organics to nurture plants and the soil

Osmocote® Professional Fruit & Citrus Potting & Planting Mix

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A specially formulated potting and planting mix for fruiting trees, shrubs, vines and citrus, in pots or in the garden

Pure Organic Fruit & Citrus Premium Plant Food

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A 100% organic, granular plant food that makes it easier than ever to grow large, healthy fruit and citrus. Your plants get just the right amount of nutrients and can flourish naturally.

Osmocote® Plus Trace Elements: Fruit, Citrus, Trees & Shrubs

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A no-fuss fertiliser for all flowering and fruiting trees, shrubs, vines and climbers as well as conifers and leafy plants

Osmocote® Plus Bio Stimulants Citrus, Fruit, Trees & Shrubs incl Natives

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Easy to use, double action liquid fertiliser feeds for up to 3 months with the added benefit of bio stimulants to boost soil and plant health.

Everydrop Premium Granular Soil Wetter

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Everydrop granules are designed to maximise every drop of water, consistently and evenly. Safe to use in every garden situation - on pots, lawns and garden beds.